Estuaries are important nursery grounds for many organisms that later move to oceanic habitats as adults. These rich ecosystems are economically valuable, providing habitat at some life stage for 75% of our nation’s commercial fish catch, and as much as 90% of recreational fish catch. Additionally, estuaries act as natural filtration systems for water as it flows out to the ocean.
Citizen science is the collection of data relating to the natural world by members of the general public, typically as part of a collaborative project with professional scientists. At the Marine Discovery Center we work to engage the community in the environmental research happening in our own backyard. We collaborate with environmental scientists, researchers, and universities around the state to bring diverse and informative programs to New Smyrna Beach to give volunteers the opportunity to assist with ongoing research projects. The data collected by our volunteers is used to discover the unknown, aid in management decisions, and influence educational policy. There is always a need for citizen scientists at MDC.
Volunteers will learn how to properly conduct a visual survey, learn to test water quality through a physical/chemical survey and participate in biological monitoring. Participating in the Lagoon Watch program is a great opportunity to learn about a unique and valuable ecosystem while having fun outdoors.
Horseshoe Crab Nesting Surveys
Volunteers survey five locations within the lagoon searching for mating pairs nesting on shorelines. The surveys take place each January through April with new sites added each year.
Walking surveys are conducted along shorelines, with volunteers assisting in locating and capturing the animals, as well as recording data and tagging the horseshoe crabs with numbered U.S. Fish & Wildlife tags.
Volunteer citizen scientists participating in the surveys record which species are present in designated locations of seagrass beds, as well as how much area each species of grass covers, density and height of the beds, presence and density of macroalgae, water depth across the bed and water clarity. Data is used by SJRWMD to assess the growth and health of seagrass beds in the lagoon.
Salt Marsh Monitoring
Over time our restored salt marsh has become a vital habitat for many key lagoon species. MDC partners with Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission and university researchers to regularly monitor plants, soil, marine species and water quality in the marsh. Volunteers are often needed to help with fish, invertebrate, and plant surveys using equipment such as seine nets, fyke nets, and quadrats.
Microplastics are small plastic particles measuring less than 5mm in diameter that come from a variety of sources such as poly fiber in clothing, microbeads in cosmetic items, and plastic debris. Plastics do not decompose, rather they break down over time into microscopic pieces that can be ingested and accumulated into the tissues of organisms.
Our water quality is declining and Project H2O aims to help. We are bringing together government agencies, environmental organizations, local universities, and non-profits to collaborate on research, education, restoration and funding opportunities to improve Volusia County waters and the Indian River Lagoon. Project H2O uses the strengths of these different groups collaborating with each other to benefit our watershed.
Living shorelines are an erosion prevention method that use natural barriers such as plants, oysters, and limited rock to protect fragile shorelines while maintaining valuable habitat. Living shoreline projects utilize native and salt tolerant plants at different levels of elevation to avoid the loss of sediment, help to improve water quality via filtration of upland run off, and create habitat for aquatic and terrestrial species